Road transport’s importance
Trucks transport 91% of New Zealand’s total freight by weight, with 7% going by rail and 2% on coastal shipping according to the Government’s 2014 National Freight Demands Study.
The Study predicts that up to 2042 there will be very little change in modal share, meaning that over 90% of freight tonnage will still travel by truck.
The Study predicts that total domestic freight will increase from 236 million tonnes to 373 million tonnes between 2012 and 2042, growth of 58%. The major areas of freight growth will remain the Auckland-Waikato-Bay of Plenty triangle in the North Island and Canterbury in the South Island.
There are many reasons why road freight is the mode of choice for most people and businesses needing goods moved:
- Most freight travels less than 100 kilometres. Rail, which is best suited to hauling bulk items 300 kilometres or more, is less fuel and cost efficient over such relatively short distances.
- Rail with its inflexible timetables and restricted network can’t provide the personalised, door-to-door, on-demand service the modern truck delivers. It simply doesn’t go where much of the freight goes and when the customer wants it.
- Livestock, perishable items such as groceries, fruit and vegetables, refrigerated and dangerous goods, like LPG, aren’t suited to the repeated transhipping rail requires.
- The risk of breakage and pilfering is significantly lessened.